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Departments of Criminal Investigation and Prosecution

Departments of Criminal Investigation and Prosecution/DCIPs («DIAPs») may be set up in counties with relevant caseload (i.e. entries over 5,000 inquiries per year in, at least, three of the last five judicial years) [article 71(1), (2) of the Statute of the Public Prosecution Service/SPPS).

In general, these structures of the Public Prosecution Service are entrusted with the direction of the inquiry and the carrying out of prosecution with regard to criminal offences committed in the county area. It is particularly incumbent on the DCIPs in the counties seat of the judicial district (Lisboa, Porto, Coimbra e Évora) to direct the inquiry and carry out prosecution by reason of the criminal offences listed in article 47(1) of the SPPS, where criminal activities take place in counties pertaining to the same judicial district and following an order issued by the district deputy prosecutor general, as well as to direct the inquiry and carry out prosecution where – in case of serious crime – the complexity and the territorial distribution of the criminal activities do justify the centralised direction of the criminal investigation (article 73 of the SPPS).

The DCIPs may be organised in sections, depending on the crime structure. As a rule, district prosecutors and deputy district prosecutors are assigned to those sections, while the direction of the DCIPs in the counties seat of judicial districts is entrusted to deputy prosecutors general [whose powers are laid down in article 62(2) of the SPPS]. The direction of the other DCIPs is entrusted to district prosecutors (article 72 of the SPPS).

According to the provisions laid down in Decree-Law No. 49/2014 of 27 March 2014 and in Ministerial Order No. 162/2014 of 21 August 2014, there are DCIPs in the counties of:

— Açoresseat in Ponta Delgada and sections in Angra do Heroísmo, Horta, Ponta Delgada (7), Praia da Vitória, Ribeira Grande, Santa Cruz da Graciosa, Santa Cruz das Flores, São Roque do Pico, Velas, Vila do Porto, Vila Franca do Campo.

— Aveiro: seat in Aveiro and sections in Águeda, Albergaria-a-Velha, Anadia, Arouca, Aveiro (3), Castelo de Paiva, Espinho, Estarreja, Ílhavo, Mealhada, Oliveira de Azeméis, Oliveira do Bairro, Ovar, Santa Maria da Feira (2), São João da Madeira, Vagos, Vale de Cambra.

— Braga: seat in Braga and sections in Amares, Barcelos, Braga (3), Cabeceiras de Basto, Celorico de Basto, Esposende, Fafe, Guimarães (2), Póvoa do Lanhoso, Vieira do Minho, Vila Nova de Famalicão, Vila Verde.

— Coimbra: seat in Coimbra and sections in Arganil, Cantanhede, Coimbra (3), Condeixa-a-Nova, Figueira da Foz, Lousã, Montemor-o-Velho, Oliveira do Hospital, Penacova, Tábua.

— Évora: seat in Évora and sections in Évora (2), Estremoz, Montemor-o-Novo, Redondo, Reguengos de Monsaraz, Vila Viçosa.

— Faro: seat in Évora and sections in Évora (2), Estremoz, Montemor-o-Novo, Redondo, Reguengos de Monsaraz, Vila Viçosa.

— Leiriaseat in Leiria and sections in Alcobaça, Caldas da Rainha (2), Figueiró dos Vinhos, Leiria (2), Marinha Grande, Nazaré, Peniche, Pombal, Porto de Mós.

— Lisboa: seat in Lisboa and sections in Almada (4), Barreiro (2), Lisboa (15), Moita (2), Montijo, Seixal (4)

— Lisboa Norteseat in Loures and sections in Alenquer, Loures (8), Lourinhã, Torres Vedras (3), Vila Franca de Xira.

— Lisboa Oesteseat in Sintra and sections in Amadora (4), Cascais (5), Mafra, Oeiras, Sintra (6).

— Madeiraseat in Funchal and sections in Ponta do Sol, Porto Santo, Santa Cruz, Funchal (4).

— Porto: seat in Porto and sections in Gondomar (2), Maia (2), Matosinhos (3), Porto (12), Póvoa de Varzim, Vila do Conde, Santo Tirso, Valongo, Vila Nova de Gaia (4).

— Porto Este: seat in Penafiel and sections in Amarante, Baião, Felgueiras, Lousada, Marco de Canaveses, Paços de Ferreira, Paredes (2), Penafiel (2).

— Santarémseat in Santarém and sections in Abrantes, Almeirim, Benavente, Cartaxo, Coruche, Entroncamento, Ourém, Rio Maior, Santarém (2), Tomar (2), Torres Novas.

— Setúbalseat in Setúbal and sections in Grândola, Santiago do Cacém, Sesimbra, Setúbal (2).

— Viana do Casteloseat in Viana do Castelo and sections in Arcos de Valdevez, Caminha, Melgaço, Monção, Ponte da Barca, Ponte de Lima, Valença, Viana do Castelo, Vila Nova de Cerveira.

— Viseuseat in Viseu and sections in Cinfães, Lamego (2), Mangualde, Moimenta da Beira, Nelas, Santa Comba Dão, São Pedro do Sul, Sátão, Tondela, Viseu (2).

In the DCIPs of Lisbon and Porto there are Military Advisory Units intended to give advice to the PPS as regards the promotion of proceedings relating to strict military criminal offences. These units are composed of Armed Forces officials and National Republican Guard officials appointed by the Prosecutor General under proposal of the corresponding Chief of Staff or Commander General. These units operate in the scope of the corresponding district deputy prosecutors general’s offices and of the DCIPs. The unit operating in the DCIP of Lisboa ensures also support to the Central Department of Criminal Investigation and Prosecution (articles 1, 127 of Law No. 100/2003 of 15 November 2003; 20, 25 of Law No. 101/2003 of 15 November 2003).